As the popularity of online instruction spreads, many have questioned whether the method produces similar outcomes to the traditional classroom. The authors surveyed both kinds of students, and the results indicate that a student’s ability to work in an intentional and motivated manner, and the greater cognitive effort that results, carries more weight than does the course delivery method and may also translate into a more positive evaluation of the course.

However, cognitive effort will not necessarily translate into better course performance unless it is characterized by a deeper level of thinking, as identified by earlier research.
 

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